On the frontline of Nigeria’s coronavirus fight, health workers brace for inevitable


A view of the emergency room and Affected person Underneath Investigation ward on the College Faculty Hospital in Nigeria. Picture by: Paul Adepoju / Devex

IBADAN, Nigeria — In late July, the World Well being Group introduced that over 10,000 healthcare staff in Africa had examined constructive for COVID-19. This raised considerations concerning the means of nations like Nigeria — which solely has 0.four medical doctors per 1,000 individuals to start with — to efficiently management a pandemic that has overwhelmed even better-resourced well being programs. Because the stress elevated on a handful of key well being amenities throughout the nation, so too did the danger of an infection for the well being professionals working there.

When clusters of infections emerged at a manufacturing unit and a name heart, the premises had been briefly closed. However this isn’t a sensible possibility for well being facilities, the place social distancing can also be troublesome to implement. Which means well being staff are usually not solely extra prone to contract the virus, but in addition to cross it on to their colleagues.

Responsibility of Care

They might look like superheroes, however medical doctors, nurses, midwives, and neighborhood well being staff want assist too. This content material collection takes a take a look at how well being programs can operate higher in order that well being care staff are supported, protected, and empowered.

In Ibadan, one in every of Nigeria’s greatest cities, the emergency division of the nation’s main instructing hospital is a hub of exercise. Previous to the pandemic, College Faculty Hospital, which has 850 mattress areas, had an occupancy price peaking at 60%. However for the reason that pandemic hit, emergency sufferers are generally left ready hours for a mattress.

Dr. Collins Elumelu, who works within the emergency division, mentioned the hospital is so overwhelmed as a result of it’s seen as a dependable possibility for emergency circumstances requiring particular care in a metropolis of over 6 million individuals. So when medical doctors, nurses, and different staff started testing constructive for COVID-19, shutting it down was not an possibility.

Elumelu himself continued going to work when he began to really feel in poor health, failing to appreciate it was the virus. “It took me some time earlier than suspecting it was COVID-19 as a result of, usually, I don’t fall sick. Till the physique pains now elevated and it turned extreme, the headache turned very dangerous, even to stand up from mattress turned an issue. I couldn’t eat once more. I misplaced my urge for food. My style disappeared,” he advised Devex.

When he turned critically in poor health, Elumelu was admitted to the identical emergency unit the place he works, receiving medicine to deal with his signs and a check for COVID-19. However earlier than he left the ward for isolation, quite a lot of his colleagues additionally examined constructive.

“Whereas I’m undecided of how I received it, I’m so positive that people who got here in touch with me [while I was working], all of them examined constructive … For my group members, out of six of them, 4 turned constructive. The opposite two refused to do the check,” he mentioned.

One physician who refused a check mentioned they believed most well being staff on the hospital doubtless had the virus. A constructive check would imply being despatched dwelling, however the hospital wants some employees to maintain working.

Little assist for well being staff

The state of affairs is so vital as a result of Nigeria’s struggle in opposition to coronavirus relies on these well being staff.

The circumstances of suspected coronavirus that arrive on the hospital are often critical. They’re first taken to a newly established Affected person Underneath Investigation ward, the place they are often carefully monitored till their COVID-19 check outcomes come again. If the result’s constructive, they’re then moved to an isolation facility.

“After getting examined constructive and also you had signs, and possibly you had a near-death expertise, you possibly can by no means erase that have out of your reminiscence. It has taken one thing from you.”

— Dr. Collins Elumelu, College Faculty Hospital emergency division physician

However the makeshift ward — transformed from a cubicle space throughout the emergency division — is small, solely in a position to accommodate a most of three sufferers at a time, which is much from sufficient because the hospital admits a rising variety of suspected circumstances.

As well as, as a result of it’s merely a partitioned cubicle, it’s poorly ventilated. With check outcomes generally taking greater than every week to be returned, some employees mentioned there’s a excessive threat of an infection for these working within the ward.

Sufferers like Elumelu who’re handled at hospital obtain their remedy free of charge. However those that self-isolate at dwelling after testing constructive for COVID-19 must foot the invoice themselves.

That has included a number of medical laboratory scientists from UCH’s chemical pathology division, greater than 10 of whom have to date examined constructive for the virus, employees mentioned.

Certainly one of them, who spoke to Devex on situation of anonymity, mentioned that despite the fact that he almost definitely contracted it at work, he needed to pay for his personal remedy, which included doses of hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin, zinc oxide, selenium, and vitamin dietary supplements. He put the price of medicine and nutritional vitamins alone at NGN30,000 — about $80 — plus further bills incurred throughout isolation.

He complained that he didn’t obtain any compensation from his employer, regardless of his presence within the laboratory being necessary. Because the outbreak on the lab, the home windows should now be stored shut, that means the one supply of air flow is air con — which some consider will increase the danger of an infection.

“The publicity was not from organic samples. I consider it was from one individual that examined constructive, got here to the lab after which unfold it to the remainder of us,” the lab employee advised Devex.

UCH didn’t reply to a request for remark from Devex, however the points are comparable in key hospitals throughout the nation.

Following the specter of a physician’s strike over the shortage of safety for well being staff, the Nigerian authorities agreed in June to offer every employee on the frontline with two months of hazard pay. In late July, it mentioned it had spent NGN15.eight billion ($42 million) on this.

But the well being staff who spoke to Devex argued that with none monetary package deal or assist particularly for many who fall sick with COVID-19, some well being staff will keep away from caring for sufferers once they don’t really feel secure, damaging the nation’s struggle in opposition to the virus.

New fund goals to ship PPE to 1 million frontline well being staff in Africa

The launch of the COVID-19 Motion Fund for Africa brings greater than 30 members collectively in “the most important mobilization of personal sources to guard Africa’s frontline well being staff from COVID-19.”

That’s very true due to the shortage of private protecting gear that has been offered. Whereas isolation facilities are receiving PPE, well being staff at different medical amenities say they don’t have sufficient. The federal government says there’s a international scarcity. In response to WHO, the worth of PPE has surged for the reason that begin of the COVID-19 outbreak, that means many lower-income international locations can’t afford it.

In response to the Nationwide Affiliation of Resident Docs of Nigeria, 14 medical doctors have to date died of COVID-19. When a member of the affiliation dies, different members contribute cash to assist assist their household. However the affiliation desires to see the availability of life insurance coverage for well being staff in Nigeria, particularly these placing their lives in danger on the frontline of the pandemic, as a number of African international locations have already finished.

In April, the Nigerian authorities promised it might present life insurance coverage for its well being staff. However practically 4 months later, a number of advised Devex this has not materialized.

Again to work

Elumelu and the medical laboratory scientist have now recovered from the virus, however mentioned they’re conscious that the specter of reinfection stays — there may be presently little understanding concerning the period of antibodies developed in opposition to COVID-19.

Though they mentioned they had been pleased to renew work, they proceed to hope that circumstances enhance — that extra PPE is made out there, momentary wards are made safer, and that frontline staff don’t want to fret about what occurs to their family members in the event that they fall sick whereas serving to to avoid wasting lives.

“All my crew members that examined constructive are all again. However whether or not you consider it or not, after getting examined constructive and also you had signs, and possibly you had a near-death expertise, you possibly can by no means erase that have out of your reminiscence. It has taken one thing from you,” Elumelu mentioned.

Go to the Responsibility of Care collection for extra protection on how well being programs can operate higher in order that well being care staff are supported and guarded. You may be part of the dialog utilizing the hashtag #DutyOfCare.

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